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The Parakhyatantra A Scripture of the Saiva Siddhanta: A Critical Edition and Annotated Text

The Parakhyatantra A Scripture of the Saiva Siddhanta: A Critical Edition and Annotated Text
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Item Code: IDK187
Author: Dominic Goodall
Publisher: Institut Francais De Pondichery
Edition: 2004
ISBN: 2855396425
Pages: 669 + CXXV
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 10.0" X 6.9"
Back of the Book

The rediscovery of a large part of the Parakhyatantra made possible by this edition furnishes one more document of the pre-tenth-century thought-world of the Saiva Siddhanta, a religion that was spread across and beyond the Indian subcontinent at the probable time of this work's composition. For our text dates from the period before the appearance of the most significant body of theological exegesis in the history of the Bhatta Ramakantha II. The addition of the Parakhya to the still small corpus of published early Saiddhantika writings should be a welcome event to the student of classical Indian religions.

What is presented here, however, is not the whole text but only those chapters of it that deal with doctrine and yoga. Those on ritual and other aspects of religious practice were left aside by the unknown compiler responsible for the selection of materials found in the unique codex – a beautiful palm-leaf manuscript in minute Nandinagari script – and are therefore lost. Many quotations from the text have been located in later literature, and a fully positive apparatus reports the readings of all sources. A diplomatic transcription records features of the manuscript that the apparatus cannot contain (its orthographies, page-and line-breaks, etc.).

A complete English translation – the first to appear of an early siddhantatantra - accompanies the Sanskrit text. Copious notes discuss textual difficulties and problems of interpretation. In doing so, they draw on parallels with other Saiddhantika writings, both published and unpublished. The introduction places the Parakhya in its context, gives a resume of the work, characterizes its language and concludes with a detailed discussion of the sources and of how they have been used.

Dominic Goodall studied Sanskrit at Oxford (BA 1990, DPhil. 1996) and in Hamburg (Habilitation 2002). He is currently head of the Pondicherry Centre of the Ecole francaise d'Extreme-Orient, where he is engaged in editing Saiva texts.

Contents

Acknowledgements v
Prefacexiii
Explanatory remarks about the Saiva Siddhanta and its treatment in modern secondary literature xiii
Introductionxxxv
The Parakhyatantra and its place in the Saiddhantika canonxxxv
Two early Parakhyatantras?xxxviii
Relative chronologyxlii
Excursus upon the Raurava and the Rauravasutrasangrahaxliv
Dates and the Saiva cannon xlvi
The sources and the date of the Parakhyaxlviii
Excursus upon the Pauskaraslii
Parallels with other Siddhantatantrasliv
The lost commentary lviii
A resume of the textlxii
Chapter 1. The soul lxiii
Chapter 2. The Lordlxiv
Chapter 3. Scripture and the pure universelxvi
Chapter 4. The evolutes of primal matterlxvii
Chapter 5. The cosmoslxxi
Chapter 6. Mantraslxxii
Chapter 14. Yogalxxiv
Chapter 15. Liberation and the means to its attainmentlxxvi
The language of the Parakhyatantralxxviii
Some remarks on the treatment of metrelxxxv
Does the Parakhya tell us anything new?lxxxvii
The nature of this edition lxxxix
Sources for the constitution of the textxcv
The Mysore Manuscript xcv
Antecedents xcviii
Deviant orthographyc
Transcriptionci
Conditionci
Apographscii
Transcription conventionsciv
Other editorial conventionscv
Independent testimoniacvi
Sanskrit Text1
Chapter One, pasupadarthavicara 1
Chapter Tow, patipadarthavicara17
Chapter Three, vidyapadarthavicara 37
Chapter Four, yonipadarthavicara 1 (karyasrstih)47
Chapter Five, yonipadarthavicara 2 (bhuvanani)71
Chapter Six, mantravicara95
Chapter Fourteen, yoga 109
Chapter Fifteen, muktipadartha123
Translation135
Chapter One137
Chapter Two 165
Chapter Three205
Chapter Four 227
Chapter Five279
Chapter Six321
Chapter Fourteen347
Chapter Fifteen387
Appendix I. Quotations not found in the manuscript 411
Appendix II. Diplomatic Transcription441
Appendix III. Sataratnollekhini ad sutra 18515

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