Q1. What are the other names of
(alankara shastra) Bangla
poetics is closely based on Sanskrit poetics. It is also called sahitya
shastra aur sahitya tattva. The use of rhetorical devices such as similes,
metaphors, and imagery dates back to the Rigveda,
but it is unsure whether poetics used to be studied at the time. However,
poetics did not develop as a separate subject as did chhanda shastra (prosody).
Natyashastra is the oldest known book on Indian poetics about drama.
But Bharat also discusses sentences, arrangements of sentences, their quality,
rhetoric, type, etc. Important for both drama and dance, Natyasastra
analyzes eight types of rasa (sentiments), including shrungara (erotic). Sanskrit
poetics came to identify feeling (rasa) and suggestive-ness (dhvani) as the
distinguishing features of poetry.
Q2. Who is the greatest poet in
Kalidasa (4th–5th century CE) was
a classical Sanskrit author who is India's greatest poet. His surviving works
consist of three plays, two epic poems, and two shorter poems. The two epic
works of poetry, Kumarasambhava
and Raghuvaṃsa are among the most revered in
Indian literature to this day. His plays and poetry are primarily based on the Vedas, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata,
and the Puranas.
Kalidasa also wrote the Meghaduta
(The Cloud Messenger), a khaṇḍakavya
(minor poem). The play ‘Abhijnanasakuntalam’ tells the story of King Duṣyanta and Shakuntala, the adopted
daughter of the sage Kanu and the real daughter of Vishwamitra and Menaka. His
works cannot be dated with precision, but they were most likely authored before
the 5th century CE.
Q3. Who is the famous poet in
has been the national poet of India and the brightest star in the firmament of
Indian Poetry for the last two thousand years. He has been unanimously
acclaimed as the greatest Sanskrit poet.
Other famous poets are : Valmiki for Ramayana, Maharshi
Vedvyasa for Mahabharata, Bharat Muni for Natyashastra Bhasa for
Svapnavasavdatta, Vishnu Sharma for Panchatantra, Narayan Sharma for Hitopadesh
Dandi for Dashakumaracharita, Banabhatta, Panini, Bharavi, Bhartṛhari, Jayadeva, Jaimini, and many
Q4. Which poet wrote the Sanskrit?
is also known as Adi Kavi, which means the first poet. He is widely credited
for being a pioneer of Sanskrit literature, defining the shape and form of
Sanskrit poetry. Considered to be the greatest Sanskrit poet in India, Kalidasa
is widely said to have been from the 5th century. His two epic works of poetry,
Kumārasambhava and Raghuvaṃśa
are among the most revered in Indian literature to this day.
was a great Sanskrit poet who wrote one of the greatest classical Sanskrit
epics Kiratarjuniya or Arjuna and the mountain man; which was hailed as
Mahakavya or great poetry.
Some other famous poets: Rambhadracharya, Srinivas Rath,
Ram Karan Sharma, Bhatt Mathuranath, Vidyadhar, Palkuriki Somanatha, etc.
Q5. Who wrote the first Sanskrit
is the author of one of the two greatest Indian epics, the Ramayana.
Valmiki is also known as Adi Kavi, which means the first poet. He is widely
credited for being a pioneer of Sanskrit literature, defining the shape and
form of Sanskrit
poetry. Ramayana, one of the longest works of literature the world has ever
known, comprises of 24,000 verses across seven kandas, divided into 500
मां निषाद प्रतिष्ठां त्वमगमः शाश्वतीः समाः।
यत्क्रौंचमिथुनादेकम् अवधीः काममोहितम्॥
verses are his first shloka in Sanskrit
Literature, which Valmiki said out of grief and rage.
Valmiki wrote several other Puranas. Valmiki Jayanti is dedicated to Adi Kavi,
- the first poet of Sanskrit literature.
Q6. Who wrote Sanskrit first?
enactment of the Sanskrit language is credited to Panini, along with
and Katyayana's commentary that preceded Patañjali's work. He wrote the
‘Ashtadhyayi’, which can be translated as “Eight Chapters on Grammar”. The
Ashtadhyayi was not the first description of Sanskrit grammar,
but it is the earliest that has survived in full, and the culmination of a long
grammatical tradition is "one of the intellectual wonders of the ancient
of Panini became the foundation of Vyakaraṇa, a Vedanga. Paṇini's grammar is a classic that defines linguistic
expression and sets the standard for the Sanskrit language. Sanskrit is an
ancient and classical language of India in which every first book of the world
Rigveda was compiled.
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