Yantra is a geometrical diagram derived primarily from Indian Tantric traditions. Yantras are used for deity worship in temples or at home, as a meditation aid, and for the benefits conferred by their alleged occult powers based on Hindu astrology and tantric texts. Because of their aesthetic and symmetric qualities, they are also used to adorn temple floors and in Indian jewelry as well. Specific yantras are traditionally associated with specific deities and/or specific types of energies used to complete specific tasks or vows that can be materialistic or spiritual in nature. It becomes an essential tool in certain sadhanas performed by the sadhaka, or spiritual seeker. Yantras are revered in Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. Yantras can be sketched on wood, metal or on printed cloth, made into three-dimensional forms, or made into a charm or an amulet.
Yantras are segregated into three different types based on their uses:
Yantras serve as the foundation for ritual implements such as lamps and vessels. These are usually simple geometric shapes where the implements are placed.
One of the most regularly used Yantras in religious worship is the Sri Yantra. These comprise geometric diagrams that are energized with mantras and linked to the deity and written mantras that are sometimes included in the design.
Then comes the yantras that are used in desire-oriented rituals. These yantras are frequently made on birch bark or paper and may contain special materials such as flowers, rice paste, ashes, and so on.
The structural elements of a yantra
Mantras: Yantras regularly use mantras that are written in Sanskrit, which denote the symbolism of colors and shapes in a yantra.
Bindu: This element represents the central point of a yantra. It is used to denote the main deity associated with the yantra.
Triangle: Many yantras use triangles, wherein triangles pointed downwards represent the feminine features of God and an upward-facing triangle is representative of the masculine features of God.
Hexagram: In yantras, a hexagram is showcased as the merging of two triangles, to depict the fusion of the feminine and masculine aspects of God.
Lotus: The lotus in yantras is used to represent purity and transcendence.
Circle: Circles in yantras generally denote manifestation.
Outer Square: This element of yantras depict the earth and the four cardinal directions.
Pentagram: This element is used particularly in reference to Goddess Kali.
Octagon: Octagons in a yantra are representative of the eight directions.
According to Vedic texts, the Sri Yantra is the most important among all the yantras because it is a representation of the energies of all the deities, and depicts an individual’s entire life. However, there are other forms of yantras that are also commonly seen in jewelry.
Q1. What is the most common yantra seen in Indian jewelry?
The most common yantra that is seen in Indian jewelry is the Sri Yantra, because of its symbolism. It is believed that the Sri Yantra is linked to the Goddess Lalita. Thus, displaying one’s entire life It also encapsulates the energy of all the deities that are associated with Hinduism.
Q2. What is a yantra’s role in one’s life?
This sacred geometrical design is said to emanate cosmic positive energies into your life. It also acts as a shield against negative energies that may be manifesting in your life. These acts help an individual develop spiritually.
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