Dr. R. Vidyanath was born on 4th Feb., 1961 at Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. from Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar and Ph.D from Dr. N.T.R. U. H. S., Vijayawada. He has authored nearly 20 books. He is the recipient of State Best Teacher Awardee 2013. He was published 47 Scientific Papers and attended nearly 85 National and International conferences in the capacity of Paper presenter, Guest Speaker, Organizing Secretary, Adjudicator and Chairperson.
Dr. K.J. Lavanya Lakshmi was born on 12th May,1972 at Nandyal, Kurnool Dt. Currently working as Associate Professor at Dr. N.R.S. Govt. Ayurvedic College, Vijayawada She has obtained M.D. (Kayachikitsa) from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and awarded Ph.D. during the year 2013 by Dr. N.T.R.U.H.S., Vijayawada and completed 20 Years of service of teaching. She has participated in 21 National and International Seminars and presented papers. She is the author of Herbal Medicine (Based on Vrindamadhava) and also the co-author of Simple Remedies for Common Maladies and Agadatantra.
Dr.K. Nishteswar was born on 6th June, 1956 at Kakinada Andhra Pradesh. He was worked as Professor & HOD, Dravyaguna at I.P.G.T.&R.A. Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. He has obtained PG from G.A.U. Jamnagar and Ph.D. v4from University of Pune. He has received State Best Teacher Award during the year 2001. He was also awarded several Gold and Silver Medals in recognition of his merit. He has delivered Keynote lectures and Guest lectures in several National and International Seminars. So far he has written more than 50 books on different subjects of Ayurveda and published nearly 105 papers in various standard journals. He has also served as CCIM member and Executive Editor for AYU an International Journal
Vedas are considered as the most ancient scriptures, which contain the concepts of health and disease and their management with herbs and other magico-religious procedures. Vedic materia medica recorded therapeutic application of various medicinal plants. Acharya Priyavrata Sharmaji enumerated the number of herbs mentioned in Vedic literature, viz. Rigveda mentioned 67 drugs, while Yajurveda and Atharvaveda contain the information about 82 and 289 herbs respectively. He further quoted that 129 drugs were described in Brahmana Granthas and 31 drugs in Upanishads. Herbs were employed in Danradhavana (cleaning the teeth), making carts, cots and other furniture, cloths, food preparations, cosmetics, weapons and other appliances, utensils and other containers and materials employed in Yajnas. In addition to these aspects, herbs were utilised in the treatment of various diseases. The development of application of natural substances in therapeutics started from Vedic period. Man of Vedic lore was living amidst and made some observations on animals which were consuming certain herbs to treat themselves for various conditions. Basing on these observational studies, the Vedic man started administering medicinal plants to treat human ailments.
Charaka's materia medica and during the period of Susruta the usage of metals and minerals was slowly increased. The management of Madhumeha, Kushtha, Vatavyadhi, Sannipatawara and Rajayakshma were the diseases which made Physicians to adopt intensified therapeutic measures in their management. Looking at the clinical material of the classics of Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita it becomes really enigmatic to imagine about methods employed for drafting treatment for various conditions with umpteen numbers of drugs. It may not be incorrect to say that they followed judicious blend of intuition with intelligence while recording their observations on patients only as the chances of animal experimental evaluation were remote. Vagbhata made an attempt to simplify the therapeutics by suggesting easy modalities. Taking Vagbhata as a role model, the scholars of medieval India started writing compendia with single and simple herbal remedies. Vrindamadhava should be considered as the most important compendium of 9th century who highlighted the use of classical single drugs with newer indications and made new inclusions into the Ayurvedic therapeutics. Later works like Chikitsakalika, Chakradutta, Vangasena, Gadanigraha, Sharngadhara Samhita, Bhavaprakasa Samhita and Yogaratnakara conveniently copied as it is the claims of Vrindamadhava in their works.
Considering the nature and the definition of Ayurveda, it may be said that origin of Ayurveda is as old as the origin of mankind. In fact, Ayurveda is stated as eternal by Acharya Charaka himself for three reasons. It has no beginning, it deals with such things which are inherent in nature and such natural manifestations are eternal. Around 1000 B.C., the knowledge of Ayurveda was comprehensively documented in various Sambiras, viz. Agnivesa Samhita, Bhela Samhita, Kasyapa Harita Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, etc. Most of the historians have attempted to document History cfAvurveda on the basis of various periods, viz. Vedic period, Sarnhira period, Nighantu period, Moghul period, British period and Modern period. Whereas Acharya Priyavrat Sharma categorized the development of Ayurveda under three major components as under.
During the ancient times, Achalyas of Ayurveda had written voluminous works on different specialities, which were not tangible to mediocre students. As the time demanded for summarizing and full-fledged works on medicine, Vagbhata brought out with an excellent work entitled Ashtanga Sangraha, which obtained the status of Samhita, securing a place in Brihat Trayee. It clearly shows that Vagbhata adopted the art of compilation (from earlier works) and strengthening the science of therapeutics by newer inclusions which have been followed by scholar Vaidyas of medieval period. Siddhasara, Madhavanidana, Madhava Chikitsa, Chikitsa-kalika, Vrindamadhava, Chakradutta, Vangasena, Gadanigraha, Sarngadhara Samhita and Bhavaprakasa, etc. are being considered as the popular texts ofAyurveda during the medieval period.
Vangasena Samhita is a comprehensive textbook of Ayurveda and was written by Vangasena and it is also known as Chikitsasara Sangraha, Chikitsa Maharnava, Chikitsa Sangraha, Chikitsa Tatvasangraha, Vaidyavallabha and Vangadatta-vaidyaka. Vangasena started describing the text content with an invocation to Lord Mahadeva, Goddess Parvati and Saraswati. Later he offered devotions to his parents and mentor. The author religiously followed the order in Madhavanidana by and large while describing the treatment of various diseases. Major portion of the treatise deals about the diseases and their treatment related to Ashtangas ofAyurveda. Afterwards, Panchakarma procedures, Swasthavritta, Dravyaguna, and Arishta Lakshana have been discussed.
The Author and the Place : According to the colophon, it is very much clear that Vangasena, son of Gadadhara, was the resident of Kantika Pura, which was located in Vanga Desa. Though the author mentioned da he belongs to Kantika Pura of Vanga Desa, it is not so easy so find out where it is actually located in the present-day geography of India. After the thorough consultation of the works of D.C. Sircar and Amitabh Bhattacharya, Vanga Desa is being trifled as an ancient janapada or human settlement in Eastern Bengal. The country of Vanga is described as extending from sea as far as the Brahmaputra. The sea is no doubt the Bay of Bengal in the south and the river Brahmaputra, the northern seems to indicate that portion of river which bifurcates from the Yamuna.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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