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The Birth of the Vedas in one of India’s oldest languages, Gujarati

The Vedas are viewed as the most ancient Hindu texts. Researchers accept that they were recorded around a long time back, however, the practice frequently dates them to the start of Kali-yuga (around 3000 BCE). A few Hindus express that there was initially just a single Veda, the Yajur, which was subsequently segregated into four. Researchers, nonetheless, generally consider the Rig-Veda the most ancient. 

Hinduism, at times known as Sanatana Dharma ("Eternal Law"), alludes to this faith in the ageless nature of the insight it typifies. Vedic texts are customarily arranged into four classes: the Samhitās (mantras, psalms, supplications and reiterations written in the refrain), Brahmanas (composition critiques on conciliatory ceremonies), Aranyakas (conversations and translations of dangerous customs), and Upanishads (philosophical discourses and understandings).

There are four Indo-Aryan Vedas: the Rig Veda comprises hymns about their folklore; the Sama Veda comprises of psalms about strict customs; the Yajur Veda contains directions for strict religious ceremonies; and the Atharva Veda comprises spells against adversaries, alchemists, and infections. The Rig Veda is the biggest and considered the most significant of the assortment, containing 1,028 songs segregated into 10 books called mandalas. The stanzas of the Sam Veda are taken totally from the Rig Veda, yet organized contrastingly so they might be recited. The Yajur Veda is segregated into White and Black parts and contains writing discourses on how strict religions and penances ought to be performed. The Atharva Veda incorporates charms and wizardry mantras written in the style of old folklore. Every Veda was additionally segregated into two segments: the Brahmanas, directions for strict religious customs, and the Samhitas, mantras or songs in recognition of different gods. 

The Vedic Religion

The Aryan pantheon of divine beings is portrayed exhaustively in the Rig Veda. In any case, the strict religious practices and gods are not consistently steady in these hallowed texts, most likely on the grounds that the actual Aryans were not a homogenous gathering. While spreading through the Indian Subcontinent, it is plausible that their underlying strict religious convictions and practices were moulded by the ingestion of local customs.

As per the psalms of the Rig Veda, the main divinities were Agni, the lord of Fire, delegate between the divine beings and people; Indra, the lord of Heavens and War, defender of the Aryans against their adversaries; Surya, the Sun god; Vayu, the lord of Wind; and Prithvi, the goddess of Earth.

The four Samhitas of the Vedas

  • Rigveda Samhita: The Rig-Veda Samhita is the most ancient surviving Indian text. It is an assortment of 1,028 Vedic Sanskrit songs, 10,600 verses taking all things together, coordinated into ten books. The songs are committed to Rigvedic divinities, including Agni, Indra, Varuna, and Surya.

  • Yajurveda Samhita: The Yajur-Veda comprises obsolete prose mantras and furthermore, to some degree, of verses acquired from the Rig-Veda. There are two significant recensions of this Veda known as the "Dark" and "White" Yajur-Veda. The White Yajur-Veda contains just the verses and colloquialisms important for penance, while clarifications exist in a different Brahmana work. It contrasts broadly with the Black Yajurveda, which consolidates such clarifications in the actual work, following the verses.

  • Samaveda Samhita: The name of this Veda is derived from the Sanskrit word sāman which implies a metrical psalm or melody of praise. It comprises 1549 verses, taken altogether from the Rig-Veda.

  • Atharvaveda Samhita: The Veda is named after the legendary priest named Atharvan who was the first to foster petitions to fire, and offer Soma, and who created "equations and spells used to fight sicknesses and disasters '. The Atharva-Veda Samhitā has 760 songs, and around 1/6th of them are in a similar manner to the Rig-Veda. The vast majority of the verses are metrical, yet a few segments are written as prose.


Q1. Who wrote the Vedas?

Hindus accept that the Vedas texts were handed to scholars directly from God and given to the following ages by listening in on others' conversations and then passed on from one generation to another verbally.

Q2. What is the primary thing the Vedas say about the universe?

Vedas claim that the universe is around 155.52 trillion human years old, and its absolute life expectancy is 311.04 trillion human years (which is identical to 100 years of Brahma).