Vedanta is one of six Indian philosophical structures (darshans). In Sanskrit, Vedanta refers to the "ending" (anta) of the Vedas, India's oldest spiritual literature. It pertains to the Upanishads, which were extrapolations of the Vedas, as well as the philosophical system that emerged from the analysis of the Upanishads (Mimamsa). As a result, Vedanta is also known as Vedanta Mimamsa ("Insight on Vedanta"), Uttara Mimamsa ("Representation on the Later Parts of the Vedas"), and Brahma Mimamsa ("Interpretation on Brahman").
The 3 main Vedanta manuscripts are: the Upanishads (the most widely known being the relatively long and the earlier ones like the Brihadaranyaka, the Chandogya, the Taittiriya, and the Katha); the Brahma-sutras (also known Vedanta-sutras), which are very relatively short, even one-word viewpoints of the Upanishads' principle; and the Bhagavadgita ("Song of the Lord").
The most common Vedanta schools prevalent in Karnataka are:
Advaita Vedanta is the earliest surviving tradition of the orthodox Hindu school Vedanta and a Hindu sadhana, a path of spiritual practice and expertise. Advaita (literally "non-secondness," but generally deemed as "nondualism," and frequently attributed to monism) represents the belief that Brahman alone is ultimately real, while the transitory phenomenal universe is an illusionary presence (Maya) of Brahman. According to this viewpoint, Atman, the perceiving self, and Atman-Brahman, the highest Self and Absolute Reality are indistinguishable. The jivatman, or individual self, is merely a reflection or restriction of the singular Atman in a plethora of evident physical bodies.
Vishishtadvaita is a widely known school of Hindu philosophy within the Vedanta school. VishishtAdvaita is a non-dualistic discipline of Vedanta philosophy. It is non-dualism of the eligible collective, in which Brahman is viewed as the Supreme Reality alone, but is marked by plurality. It is also known as competent monism, qualified non-dualism, or attributive monism. It is a Vedanta philosophy school that believes that all diversification is subsumed by an underpinning unification.
Tattvavada, also referred to as Dvaita Vedanta, is one of the prominent disciplines of the Hindu Vedanta tradition. The Dvaita Vedanta sub-discipline, also goes by the names Bhedavda, Bimbapratibimbavda, Prnabrahmavda, and Svatantra-Advitiya-Brahmavda. It was established by the theorist Madhvacharya. The Dvaita Vedanta school of thought holds that God and independent souls (jivatman) exist as distinct realities, with Vishnu being separate and souls being completely reliant on him. The difference between The Dvaita school and the other 2 significant sub-disciplines of Vedanta, Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara, is in their contradictory ideologies of the human soul and the Atman.
Q1. Does the Vedanta School believe in the presence of a God?
Brahman is the omniscient, all-pervading, ultimate essence of the spiritual realm, according to Vedanta. Objective and subjective reality are the two levels of reality, according to Vedanta. What is Brahman in relative terms is God in relative terms.
Q2. Who founded the Vedanta philosophy?
The Vedanta philosophy was founded by the Hindu sage, Vyasa, just like the Vedas. This philosophy still dictates many Hindu traditions to this day.
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