Shiva, like numerous other significant Hindu gods, is a complicated character with a multitude of personality characteristics that show up to conflict with each other at times. As a consequence, he is symbolized as Nataraja in his three components as Originator, Sustainer, and Destroyer. Shiva as a dancing avatar first popped up in Indian stone temple statues in the sixth and fifth century. The god is also shown grooving within a fiery halo that includes The time and is illustrated as a circle to depict the Hindu faith that it is either repetitive and without end. The Tandava, the celestial dance which both generates and devastates the world, is executed by the cheerful Shiva. His tilted knees and the ostentatious spreading of the god's tresses express the power and rawness of the dance. Shiva's curls also incorporate a skull, a datura blooms, and a crescent moon, each of which portray the concept that Shiva has always been present, even when he isn't always noticeable. All the more predominant is the figure of Ganga, the living embodiment of the Ganges, who was introduced delicately from the sky to planet in the god's tresses, as per Hindu mythology.
Shiva is creating his own tunes, as he possesses a tiny drum - the damaru (usually in the form of an hourglass) - in his right upper hand, that not only offers rhythm but it also immediately reminds us that it was this drum that made the very first noises of formation. The rhythm of the drum is also assumed to serve as the universe' beating heart, the maya. In comparison, Shiva retains agni, the spiritual fire that will decimate the universe, in his upper left hand.
Shiva's right lower hand makes the abhaya mudra blessing sign, which soothes all dread, and his lower left arm reaches across his torso, hand attempting to point to his left foot in the gaja hasta sign, which reflects redemption and emancipation. Shiva's right foot is illustrated kicking on the midget figure Apasmara Purusha, who continues to hold a cobra and embodies pretense and obtuseness, which leads civilization aside from truth. A slaughtered cobra lingers from Shiva's right shoulder, and the snake archetype is reiterated. The god is dressed in a simple dhoti with a sash tethered round his waist. The sash's two edges generally billow in reply to the god's dancing progression and extend out to connect to the circle of fire.
The portrait of Shiva as Nataraja was particularly popular during the Chola dynasty and was commonly carried in religious processions and cultural events to depict the god. Earliest forms are differentiated by the smoothed sides of the circle of fire, in addition to the utter lack of Ganga and the fact that the independent flames have just 3 points. Shiva also appears to be wearing a bell around his outstretched leg in later statues. The illustration of Shiva Nataraja seems to have become possibly the most universally acknowledged Hindu icon, and sculptures of him are still created in parts of southern India, notably around Chidambaram, in which a primitive tradition says Shiva once executed his waltz of creation and obliteration in an orchard of thillai trees.
Q1. Which position should the statue of Nataraja face?
The statue of Nataraja should always face south as if to declare to the worshippers that the Lord exists to safeguard people from the danger that emerges from the east, mortality in the hands of Yama, the deity of death.
Q2. What do Nataraja’s hands symbolize?
The right upper hand is carrying the drum out of which formation emanates. The right lower hand is elevated in blessing, suggesting lengthy survival. The flame in the upper left hand represents ruination, the disintegration of pattern.
Email a Friend