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Prominent Hindi Books Written by Tulsidas


Q1. Which language is used by Tulsidas for Ramayana?


Goswami Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas (the retelling of Ramayana) in the vernacular Awadhi language. It consists of seven episodes called “Kandas”. The first two episodes Baal Kand (Childhood episode) and Ayodhya Kand (Ayodhya Episode) are the longest and make up more than half of the work. The remaining episodes are Aranya Kand (Forest Episode), Kiskindha Kand (Kishkindha Episode), Sundar Kand (Pleasant Episode), Lanka Kand (Lanka Episode), and Uttar Kand (Later Episode). Ramcharitmanas is revered as the best devotional book in Indian literature that praises Lord Ram, the Supreme Lord.


Q2. Who is Tulsidas, the writer?


Goswami Tulsidas was a famous Hindu saint and poet. He was a staunch devotee of Lord Ram and wrote many works on His glories in Sanskrit and Awadhi. The two main popular works of Tulsidas are Hanuman Chalisa and Ramcharitmanas. He is revered in the Ramanandi Vaishnava sect as an authorized Acharya. Other major works written by Goswami Tulsidas are Barvai Ramayan, Krishna Gitavali, Vairagya Sandipani, Dohavali, Parvati Mangal, and Vinaya Patrika. Through his literary works, he elucidated the chanting of the holy name of Lord Ram to be the only means of liberation in the age of Kali.


Q3. What are the famous lines from Ramcharitmanas by Tulsidas?


Ramcharitmanas is a well-known devotional poem in Indian literature written by Tulsidas Ji which is dedicated to Lord Shri Ram. It elaborately describes the pastimes of the Lord. Some of the famous lines from Ramcharitmanas are “Mangal Bhavan Amangal Haari, Drubahu su Dasrath Achar Bihari”, “Jaki Rahi Bhavna Jaisi, Prabhu Murti dekhi Tinh Taisi”, “Baar Baar magaun kar Jorein, Manu pariharai charan jari bhorein”, “Komal chitt ati deenadayala, Karan binu Raghunath kripala. Geedh adham khaga aamish bhogi, Gati deenhi jo jachat jogi”.


Q4. Who wrote Ramayana Tulsidas or Valmiki?


Ramayana was originally written by Valmiki, a great saint, in the Sanskrit language. It is regarded as a great epic in the Vedic literature elaborately describing the pastimes of Lord Shri Ram. Later, in the 15th or 16th century, Goswami Tulsidas, another great saint and poet, composed a poem called Ramcharitmanas. It is basically the retelling of Ramayana but in the Awadhi language. It is believed that Ramayana was written in Treta Yuga while Ramcharitmanas was written in Kali Yuga.


Q5. In which language Ramayana was written by Tulsidas?


Goswami Tulsidas, a staunch devotee of Lord Ram, was a saint who appeared in Kali Yuga. He is believed to be an incarnation of Valmiki, the author of the original Ramayana. Valmiki wrote Ramayana in Sanskrit while Tulsidas composed a poem called Ramcharitmanas, reproducing the story of Ramayana. Ramcharitmanas was written in Vernacular Awadhi and the Chaupai (quatrain verse) format was used. While both Ramcharitmanas and Ramayana are dedicated to the glorious pastimes of Lord Ram, they are not by no means same.

Q6. What is the difference between Tulsidas Ramayana and Valmiki Ramayana?


Although both Valmiki Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas (Ramayana retold by sage Tulsidas) are based on the detailed pastimes of Lord Shri Ram, there are a few key differences between the two. The first difference is that Tulsidas’ Ramayana was written in Kaliyuga in the Awadhi language while the original Ramayana was written by Valmiki in Treta Yuga in Sanskrit. In the original Ramayana, sage Valmiki mentioned that the original Mother Sita was kidnapped by the demon Ravana. According to Ramcharitmanas, it was not the original Sita but her clone that was kidnapped by Ravana.