The Yajur Veda mantras deal with the
rituals of worship or the ceremonial aspect of Hinduism. There are about
1,975 mantras known as yajus that explain the significance
of the performance of sacrificial rites. Many of the Yajur
Veda mantras are found in the Rig Veda. The two branches
of Yajur Veda are Krishna Yajur Veda and Shukla Yajur
Veda. The former has both prose and poetry while the latter has only poetry. The language of the Yajur Veda and
its descriptions of devas and societies are very similar to
that of the Rig Veda. There are a large number of mantras connected with yajnas like Ashvamedha, Vajapeya and
Rajsuya. There are also mantras related to devotion in the Yajur Veda.
The special priest of
the Yajur Veda is known as
adhvaryu. He is an expert in
reciting mantras for specific
rituals in yajnas.
The Taittiriya and Shatapatha Brahmanas and Brihadaranyaka and Ishavasya
Q1. What does Yajur Veda tell you
is mainly in prose form. “Yajus” means worship, and “Veda” means knowledge, so
Yajur Veda is devoted to the worship of the Gods. It tells about the techniques
of sacred rituals & ceremonies. So, Yajur Veda is a prayer book for the
Adhvaryu priest. It also details the principles of Pranayama and asana
practice. The Yoga teachings that are found in the Yajurveda are referred to as
Vedic Yoga. Yajurveda seeks to create consciousness among people. It sets forth
a yogic practice to purify both the body as well as the mind. So, Yajurveda
seeks to awaken your inner consciousness to open up new avenues of learning and
understanding life and existence. The Veda brings together the cosmic energies
Q2. What does Yajur Veda deal with?
contains rules and mantras to be uttered during a sacrificial fire, Yajnas, and
Havanas. Offerings are typically ghee (clarified butter), grains, aromatic
seeds, and cow milk. Yajurveda is ritual-centric scripture. This scripture
provides information about the agriculture, social, economical, and religious
life of the Aryans. The most popular content is the sacred hymn from Yajur
Veda- Gayatri Mantra, used in various auspicious ceremonies and occasions. It
is recited to address the sun god who gives life to everyone and everything on
earth and it is mostly recited during sunrise or sunset.
Q3. Why Yajur Veda is called the book
Yajurveda is more pronouncedly a ritual Veda for it is essentially a guidebook
for the Adhvaryu priest who had to do practically all ritualistic works in a
sacrifice. His works vary from the selection of a plot of land for the
sacrificial altar down to offering oblations to the sacred fires.
Yajur Veda, also known as "Worship Knowledge" or "Ritual
Knowledge" is a collection of recitations, ritual worship formulas,
mantras, and chants used in worship ceremonies. Yajur Veda Samhita gives a
detailed description of sacrifices. There are vivid descriptions of many
important sacrifices like Agnihotra, Darsapurnamasa, Vajapeya, Pitrimedha,
Ashvamedh, Somayaga, Sarva-Medha, Sautramani, and so on.
Q4. How long does the Yajurveda
Yajurveda, a compound of
yajus "sacrificial formula" and veda "knowledge", is one of
Vedas, and one of the scriptures of Hinduism. Yajurveda, a compound of
yajus "sacrificial formula" and Veda "knowledge", is one of
the four Vedas, and one of the scriptures of Hinduism. By some, it is estimated
to have been composed between c. 1400–1000 BCE, the Yajurveda ' Samhita', or
'compilation', contains the liturgy(mantras) needed to perform the sacrifices
of the Veda, and the added Brahmana and Shrautasutra add information on the
interpretation and the details of their performance. The exact century of
Yajurveda's composition is unknown and estimated by Witzel to be between 1200
and 800 BCE, contemporaneous with Samaveda and Atharvaveda.
Q5. Who created Yajur Veda?
Epic Mahabharata, the creation of Vedas is
credited to Brahma. The Vedic hymns were skillfully created by Rishis (sages).
Adhvaryu recited the Yajur Veda. It is said to have emerged from the southern
face of Brahm (the creator). The Yajurveda is mostly a Veda of religious
mantras written in prose. Sage Ved Vyasa is the compiler of the Vedas, who
arranged the four kinds of mantras into four Samhitas (Collections). This Veda
was taught to Vaishampayana. Later on, there was a quarrel between
Vaishampayana and his great prodigious disciple Yajnavalkya, who spat out all
that he had learned. The other disciples of Vaishampayana took up this
knowledge and are now known as Krishna Yajur Veda, or, Taittiriya Samhita.
Q6. What is the priest of Yajur Veda
The class of priests was
called hotar, or hotri, whose main function was to invoke the gods. The hotri
is the chief priest. Yajur Veda is a guidebook for the Adhvaryu or Yajurveda
priest for doing all ritualistic works in a sacrifice. The adhvaryu is the
assistant priest. The adhvaryu was in charge of the physical details of the
sacrifice, e.g; they "had to measure the ground, to build the altar, to
prepare the sacrificial vessels, to fetch wood and water, to light the fire, to
bring the animal and immolate it," among other duties. Over time, the role
of the adhvaryu grew in importance, and many verses of the ṛigveda were incorporated, either
intact or adapted, into the texts of the Yajurveda.
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